In America increased urbanization and the increase in the number of poor and uneducated may be some of the best possible predictors for violence. However, this view does not take into consideration the genesis of these increased levels of violence. During the period surrounding the American Revolution, crime-prone areas were identified and systematic responses established to address them. This was also the period of the first identified serial killings. It was a period of great transition and self-identification of the U.S. criminal justice system.
Immigrants migrated to American cities of the North, creating issues of space and a struggle for resources. This battle for the basic necessities of life and progress is one factor that can lead to an increased level of violence. For this Discussion, you should identify an article from the Walden Library in a refereed criminal justice journal (published within the last 2 to 3 years) that discusses crime, immigration and changing demographics in cities. Consider the relationship between changing demographics and urbanization on crime.
Discussion 1: Factors Contribution to American Violence
For this Discussion, you explore factors that may have contributed to the unique nature of American violence.
Post by Day 3 the perspectives you gained from the article regarding urbanization, crime, demographics, and factors that contribute to the unique nature of American violence. Explain how changing demographics and urbanization may impact the U.S. criminal justice system.
Jones M., & Johnstone, P. (2011). History of Criminal Justice. (5th ed.) New York, NY. Routledge.
- Chapter 9, “Early American Penology, European Prisons”