1) John wants to train his dog, Spot, to shake hands. John decides to reward Spot with a treat every time Spot raises his paw. John hopes to increase Spot’s handshaking behavior by following the behavior with a reward. This is an example of  A. [removed] aversive conditioning B. [removed] positive reinforcement C. [removed] extinction D. [removed] negative reinforcement  
2) Philosophers who believe that truth can emerge from the careful use of reason are known as  A. [removed] Dualists B. [removed] Rationalists C. [removed] Nativists D. [removed] Empiricists  
3) The two branches of statistical methods are  A. [removed] quadratic; quantitative B. [removed] informal; formal C. [removed] quantitative; qualitative D. [removed] consumer; quantum  
4) In a topographical representation of the motor cortex, the homunculus is the largest area devoted to  A. [removed] arms and legs B. [removed] the face C. [removed] the tongue D. [removed] the hands  
5) What theorist presents a hierarchy of needs and motivations?  A. [removed] Abraham Maslow B. [removed] Carl Jung C. [removed] B.F. Skinner D. [removed] Sigmund Freud  
6) Which of the following would be a concern for a person during early adulthood?  A. [removed] Relationships B. [removed] Midlife Crisis C. [removed] Leisure-time activities D. [removed] Civic responsibility  
7) In operant conditioning, which of the following is accurate?  A. [removed] Any response that is followed by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated. B. [removed] Any response that is followed by reward tends to become extinct. C. [removed] Any response that is preceded by a reinforcing stimulus tends to be repeated. D. [removed] Any response that is followed by punishment is likely to not be repeated.  
8) The child begins to initiate, not imitate activities; to develop a conscience; and to experience a sexual identity. The ______stage, as defined by Erik Erikson, involves the crisis of initiative versus guilt.  A. [removed] Infant B. [removed] Preschooler C. [removed] School-age child D. [removed] Toddler  
9) Which theorist is most associated with Social Learning Theory?  A. [removed] Carl Rogers B. [removed] Albert Bandura C. [removed] Rollo May D. [removed] B.F. Skinner  
10) Which of the following is one of the five subtypes of schizophrenia?  A. [removed] Delusional B. [removed] Organized C. [removed] Complex D. [removed] Catatonic  
11) The two psychologists credited with being the main founders of Industrial and Organizational Psychology are  A. [removed] Sherlin and Billingsly B. [removed] Freud and Jung C. [removed] Hebb and Skinner D. [removed] Munsterberg and Scott  
12) Culture-bound syndromes refer to  A. [removed] medical conditions found in geographic areas of the world B. [removed] medical or psychic conditions limited to specific societies or cultural areas C. [removed] cultural names for common conditions found around the world D. [removed] medical or psychic conditions that are influenced by cultural factors  
13) Environmental psychology can be defined as a behavioral science that investigates the interrelationships between  A. [removed] physical environment and human behavior B. [removed] emotional motivations and human behavior C. [removed] family dynamic and work behavior D. [removed] biological causes of physiological disregard  
14) Validity in testing refers to which of the following?  A. [removed] Test scores are stable B. [removed] Different forms of the test can be used C. [removed] The test is measuring what it set to measure D. [removed] Whether the test is available in different languages  
15) Most psychotherapists would describe themselves as being  A. [removed] Psychoanalytic B. [removed] Behavioral C. [removed] Cognitive D. [removed] Eclectic
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